California Researchers Sound the Alarm about Online Education during Pandemic, and Call for Big Changes in Policy and Practice

California Alliance of Researchers for Equity in Education. (2020). The Shift to Online Education During and Beyond the COVID-19 Pandemic: Concerns and Recommendations for California.

Contributing authors include Christine Sleeter, Alison Dover, Ruchi Agarwal-Rangnath, Roxana Marachi, Kyle Beckham, Carol Batker, and Kevin Kumashiro.

In this research brief, the California Alliance of Researchers for Equity in Education (CARE-ED), a statewide collaborative of educational researchers, analyzes the empirical research on the effectiveness of online K-12 education nationwide, turning to issues of inequities and injustices in online education, particularly here in California, as well as the push for and risks of technologizing education. Although raising a number of concerns about online education, CARE-ED does not recommend rushing to reopen schools. The study concludes with recommendations for policies and practices for engaging in online education in ways that place priority on remedying the inequities and injustices that are being worsened during the pandemic.

​Download the complete research brief on the shift to online education here.


Some schools and homes have mechanisms and resources—while some schools and homes do not— to protect students from the negative impact of extensive screen time on literacy development, mental health
problems—like ADHD, screen addiction, aggression, depression, anxiety, and psychosis10—and physical health problems, like motor skill development, eye strain, muscle strain, and lethargy. So, too, with varying levels of protections from online bullying, sexual exploitation, and violations or intrusions of data and personal privacy.


CARE-ED, the California Alliance of Researchers for Equity in Education, is a statewide collaborative of university-based education researchers that aims to speak collectively and publicly and in solidarity with organizations and communities to reframe the debate on education.

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