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Artificial Light
Source: https://www.worldmigratorybirdday.org/news/2021/world-migratory-bird-day-2022-theme-focus-light-pollution Bonn, 9 December 2021 – Light Pollution will be the focus of the World Migratory Bird Day 2022 campaign.  Artificial light is increasing globally by at least 2 per cent per year and it is known to adversely affect many bird species. Light pollution is a significant threat to migratory birds, causing disorientation when they fly at...
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Syposz, M., Padget, O., Willis, J. et al. Avoidance of different durations, colours and intensities of artificial light by adult seabirds. Sci Rep 11, 18941 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-97986-x Abstract There is increasing evidence for impacts of light pollution on the physiology and behaviour of wild animals. Nocturnally active Procellariiform seabirds are often found grounded in areas polluted by light and struggle...
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Nash, T.R., Chow, E.S., Law, A.D. et al. Daily blue-light exposure shortens lifespan and causes brain neurodegeneration in Drosophila. npj Aging Mech Dis 5, 8 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41514-019-0038-6 Abstract Light is necessary for life, but prolonged exposure to artificial light is a matter of increasing health concern. Humans are exposed to increased amounts of light in the blue spectrum produced by light-emitting...
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Gregory D. M. Potter, Debra J. Skene, Josephine Arendt, Janet E. Cade, Peter J. Grant, Laura J. Hardie, Circadian Rhythm and Sleep Disruption: Causes, Metabolic Consequences, and Countermeasures, Endocrine Reviews, Volume 37, Issue 6, 1 December 2016, Pages 584–608, https://doi.org/10.1210/er.2016-1083 Abstract Circadian (∼24-hour) timing systems pervade all kingdoms of life and temporally optimize behavior and physiology in...
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Jhih-Syuan Wang, Mao-Ning Tuanmu, Chih-Ming Hung, Effects of artificial light at night on the nest-site selection, reproductive success and behavior of a synanthropic bird, Environmental Pollution, Volume 288, 2021, 117805, ISSN 0269-7491, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117805.(https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749121013877) Abstract Understanding how artificial light at night (ALAN) impacts wildlife is increasingly important because more and more species are colonizing urban areas. As most of the bird studies on...
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Source: https://theconversation.com/skyglow-forces-dung-beetles-in-the-city-to-abandon-the-milky-way-as-their-compass-165110 July 29, 2021 5.12pm Globally, nights are becoming ever brighter. Increasing urbanisation and the installation of new streetlights, security floodlights and outdoor ornamental lighting all contribute to growing light pollution. This light floods directly into the eyes of animals that are active at night and also into the skies. There a proportion of it...
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Harpreet Shinhmar, MSc, Manjot Grewal, BSc, Sobha Sivaprasad, MBBS, PhD, Chris Hogg, Victor Chong, MBBS, PhD, Magella Neveu, PhD, Glen Jeffery, DPhil, Optically Improved Mitochondrial Function Redeems Aged Human Visual Decline, The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, Volume 75, Issue 9, September 2020, Pages e49–e52, https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glaa155 Abstract The age spectrum of human populations is shifting toward the...
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M Kocifaj, F Kundracik, J C Barentine, S Bará, The proliferation of space objects is a rapidly increasing source of artificial night sky brightness, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, 2021;, slab030, https://doi.org/10.1093/mnrasl/slab030 Abstract The population of artificial satellites and space debris orbiting the Earth imposes non-negligible constraints on both space operations and ground-based optical...
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Source: Royal Astronomical Society https://ras.ac.uk/news-and-press/news/satellites-contribute-significant-light-pollution-night-skies by Robert Massey on Mon, 29/03/2021 Scientists reported new research results today suggesting that artificial objects in orbit around the Earth are brightening night skies on our planet significantly more than previously understood. The research, accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, finds that the number of objects orbiting...
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